In the case of Londoner v. City of Denver (210 U.S. 373 (1908)), upon the request of the majority of residents of a street, Denver would pave the street and assess a fee to all residents, even the ones that didn’t want the street paved. Residents were given notice, but were only allowed to object in writing.

  • The US Supreme Court found that due process requires that the city grant the complaining residents an oral proceeding. The procedure involved must be enough to give the complainant “the right to support his allegations by oral argument, however brief; and, if need be, by proof, however informal.”

Londoner is often cited for the proposition that when an agency is acting in a judicial capacity they are generally required to provide individual due process.