In the case of Calder v. Jones (465 U.S. 783 (1984)), a Florida newspaper slandered a California resident. The newspaper did not contest jurisdiction (the newspaper is sold there so the corporation had minimum contact with the State under the standard of International Shoe v. Washington (326 U.S. 310 (1945))), but they argued that the publisher and editor of the magazine could not personally be sued in California because they personally had no connections to California. The US Supreme Court found that the California courts did have personal jurisdictionover the editor and publisher.
- The US Supreme Court found that the situation was similar to sending a letter bomb, or firing a gun across State boundaries.
- In either case, the defendant is doing it with the specific intent to cause a crime in another State. Therefore, they can be subject to personal jurisdiction.
- Compare this case to the similar case of Keeton v. Hustler Magazine (465 U.S. 770 (1984)).