In the case of Orr v. Orr (440 U.S. 268 (1979)), the US Supreme Court struck down an Alabama Statute that said that only husbands could be required to pay alimony.

  • The Court found that the Statute was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment because it amounted to gender discrimination.
  • In general, the Court uses an intermediate scrutiny review in cases of gender discrimination, and found that, in this case, there was no exceedingly persuasive justification for the Statute.
    • On the contrary, the Court found that the Statute was based on stereotypical assumptions about gender roles.