Wilcox v. Jeffery
1 All E.R. 464 (1951)

  • An American musician named Hawkins was in England. His visa did not allow him to work in England. He held a concert anyway.
  • At the concert was a guy named Wilcox who published a jazz magazine. He paid for a ticket, applauded Hawkins playing, and published a review.
  • Wilcox was arrested and charged with aiding and abetting Hawkins’ crime.
    • Wilcox was not responsible for bringing Hawkins to England, and didn’t set up the concert.
  • The Trial Court convicted Wilcox. He appealed.
  • The Appellate Court upheld the conviction.
    • The Appellate Court found that Wilcox knew that the concert was illegal, and supported the concert with his attendance. In addition, Wilcox materially benefited from the concert because he used the review to sell magazines. Therefore he aided and abetted Hawkins’ crime.
    • The Court noted that if Wilcox had attended the concert to boo and tell Hawkins to get off the stage, then that would not be aiding and abetting.